2014 has been the year of Rosetta. In January, (ESA) out of its state of hibernacin the probe of the European Space Agency to the comet 67 p/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, in whose orbit came in August. In November, the Philae robot on board carrying rail on its surface, turning on the first object created by the man who manages to settle on one of these rocky bodies. A year of success that culminates now topping the list of the 10 milestones scientists important ms of the ao by the prestigious magazine Science. It is a great honour for us. We are very proud. This recognition demonstrates the success and the importance of this mission, not only for the world of space, but for the public, who am following with much interest. No doubt sta has been the Mission of ESA that ms has impacted the crowd, says Laurence O’Rourke, scientist of the Rosetta mission operations coordinator by phone. The irlands researcher, who works at the center of space astronomer of the ESA (ESAC), Madrid, shows ms that satisfied the results achieved so far: is impressive. We are following the Comet while you wake up as it nears the Sun. We are seeing how produces gas and dust (what we call the coma of the Comet), studying its surface, olindolo, seeing its color,. We have already made muchsima science, says O’Rourke, which ensures that all the instruments are working well. Rosetta est answering many questions, answer when asked cul believes that it has so far been the discovery featured ms that has made: if I had to stay with two important outcomes of the mission so far, highlighted the competitor analysis that has made the Rosetta satellite TV of the ended of the water of the Comet [which has concluded that it is different from the Earth], is one of the main reasons why we send this probe, and the hardness of the surface of the Comet which was discovered Philae. But still is a lot of science to be done, and the researcher is excited about the next phase. We are now orbiting the Comet at about 20 kilometres from its surface, but in a few das will go up to 30 km. February 4 we will stop orbiting the comet (we have used its gravity so far to be in orbit) starting a new phase which last until the end of 2015, and which consist of doing overflights of the surface at different distances, points out. The plan is that, until the end of the mission, the ship carried out between two and four flights a month. On February 7 we will arrive up to 140 km and will start to go down again. On February 14, Da de San Valentn, the ship har a flyby Comet at a distance of 8 kilometres, being under 10 kilometers of the surface three hours and flying at a speed of 120 centmetros per second, nearly six times fast than at present, ms accurate. How much ms close are surface, gases emitted, aade have greater intensity. Not only the images we make are going to be a marvel, all instruments will make an outstanding science being so close. ‘Philae’ Tambin awakening hope that in March or April to wake up the robot Philae, whose batteries went out 64 hours after landing because of a failure in their harpoons, which impidi that Ankara in the place in which rail. In its new and unexpected location do not receive enough sunlight to recharge their panels. But going approaching the Sun, increasing the intensity of the light received, although further exposed to light only three hours every 24 hours, as now, trust that receive enough to work. Even if you wake up in March or April of 2015, we won’t know until June, is when recibiramos the seal confirming it. Philae should have sufficient power to be able to turn on devices that allow you to communicate with the main probe Rosetta, when sta sends you a seal. If all goes well, aade, perhaps in August and September can do experiments. Now begins the phase of escort. We are going to acompaar the comet on its journey around the Sun to see how goes developing its activity, explains the scientific Pedro J. Gutirrez during an interview with the world on the occasion of his participation in the cycle of conferences of otoo organized by the Planetarium of Madrid and the Obra Social La Caixa. The investigator of the Instituto de Astrofsica de Andaluca (IAA-CSIC) has his entire career cientfica worked on the Rosetta mission, which is uni in 1997, seven years until it was released. Part of the team of OSIRIS, one of the instruments which leads the probe: are the eyes of the ship, the Chambers that are the images of the comet. Gutirrez recalls how vivi the addition of Philae landing day: was pretty quiet because it was confident that it would be a success. Admits that the failure of the harpoons, which impidi the robot experiments three months ms, was one small deception but also an opportunity to learn, pinpoints. Although planned est that the mission ends in December 2015, if the ampliarn fuel: we may continue observing the Comet or try to go to another, says Gutirrez. O’Rourke Moreover, pinpoints that in 2016 the Comet moves away from the Sun again, giving the opportunity to Rosetta to be able to see it when you start to fall asleep. Philae landing is a European success, said Thursday in a meeting with journalists Antn square, director of Airbus Space Systems Espaã and delegate of the Commission of TEDAE Proespacio. It is a milestone in the history of space, the second or the third, after the arrival of the man to the Moon, and for some, the Cassini-Huygens mission [sent to Saturn] after. OTHER milestones scientists-from dinosaurs to birds. The secuenciacin of the genomes of 48 species of birds has confirmed that the pjaros of today are direct descendants of dinosaurs. -Cooperation between robots. For the first time has been that an ‘army’ of termite robticas coordinate to perform group tasks. -Manipulated memory. An experiment with mice has altered the emotional impact of the memory, to convert a bad memory to another kind. -’Altamira’ of Indonesia. A study has proven that the cave paintings in a cave in Asia has between 35. 000 and 40. 000 years of seniority, just like the old ms found in European art. .
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